The Exclusive Fraternity: President Clinton's Relationship with Former Presidents
"It's impossible to be in this job without feeling a special bond with the people who have gone before — the other 41 members of one of the world's exclusive fraternities." - President Clinton
This page contains photographs, documents, and links to White House video footage concerning President Clinton’s relationship with the former presidents. Attached to this page is a searchable table that lists the telephone calls and meetings between President Clinton and the former presidents.
When President Clinton took office, there were five living former presidents. In his first year in this “exclusive fraternity,” President Clinton met all of its members and would soon call on many of them to publicly support the historic North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). During his administration, President Clinton received foreign policy advice from President Nixon, shared similar views on trade with President Ford, and called on President Carter to help peacefully resolve tensions in North Korea and Haiti. After President Clinton left office, he would go on to form a friendship with President George H.W. Bush that Clinton would call “one of the great gifts of his life.”
President George H.W. Bush
At the opening of President Clinton’s Presidential Library on November 18, 2004, President George H.W. Bush stated that “It has to be said that Bill Clinton was one of the most gifted American political figures in modern times. Believe me, I learned the hard way.” The two former political rivals gravitated towards each other on that day as President Clinton provided all of the former presidents with a tour of the new facility. In December 2004, President George W. Bush sent President Clinton and President H.W. Bush to Sri Lanka to assist with tsunami recovery efforts. This humanitarian partnership continued in 2006, when they were sent to assist with the recovery from Hurricane Katrina. During their relief tours together, these members of the exclusive “Presidents Club” realized how much they enjoyed each other’s company. Their relationship extended beyond shared humanitarian efforts. President Bush famously made a surprise visit to President Clinton’s Harlem offices while President Clinton was away on business. Likewise, in 2005, the 41st President and 42nd President spent a weekend filled with boat rides, golfing, and fishing at President Bush’s Kennebunkport compound. This special friendship may have grown deeper and more meaningful after President Clinton left office, but it likely began with a humble note of encouragement and support that President Bush left in the top drawer of the new president’s desk. In his note on January 20, 1993, President Bush wrote:
"You will be our President when you read this note. I wish you well. I wish your family well. Your success now is our country’s success. I am rooting hard for you.”
President Ronald Reagan
As chairman of the National Governors Association (NGA) in 1987, Governor Clinton met with President Reagan at the White House. At their first meeting, Governor Clinton and President Reagan disagreed on the NGA’s proposal to reform the welfare system. The next time that the two men met, both were members of the exclusive fraternity. A few weeks after the 1992 election, President-elect Clinton paid a visit to former President Reagan at his office on the 34th floor of Fox Plaza in Los Angeles, California. President Reagan gave Clinton a jar of red, white, and blue jelly beans as a gesture of congratulations, and the two discussed the line item veto and reducing government spending. President Reagan also advised the new president and his family to liberally use the presidential retreat, Camp David. Following President Reagan’s advice, President Clinton stayed at Camp David 68 times during his two terms in office.
- View remarks by President Clinton at the Ronald Reagan Building dedication
- View White House video footage of the Ronald Reagan Building dedication
President Jimmy Carter
When Governor Clinton was running for the presidency, news media and voters made obvious comparisons between him and another Democratic southern governor-turned-president. Clinton wanted to distinguish himself from President Carter on the campaign trail, however, and said that “Jimmy Carter and I are as different as daylight and dark.” But like President Clinton, President Jimmy Carter established a reputation in his post-presidency as a humanitarian, interested in peacefully resolving international conflicts. In 1994, President Carter offered to de-escalate tensions with North Korean President Kim Il Sung over the country’s move to militarize plutonium fuel rods. The use of President Carter to resolve this conflict proved complicated, when he announced an unofficial agreement with North Korea to bring an end to the stalemate on CNN before allowing the Clinton Administration officials to review the agreement. Despite this, President Carter’s mission successfully brought an end to the fuel rod crisis, and President Clinton called on the former president later that year to be a part of a diplomatic team to avoid an armed conflict with the military leaders of Haiti. President Clinton dispatched a last-minute diplomatic team of former President Jimmy Carter, former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Colin Powell and Senator Sam Nunn (D-GA) to convince General Raoul Cedras to step down. The team was successful, and Cedres ultimately agreed to leave the country after Carter explained that there was no other option to avoid a U.S. invasion. After years of public service in his post-presidency, President Clinton presented Jimmy Carter and former First Lady Rosalynn Carter with the Presidential Medal of Freedom on August 9, 1999, at the Carter Center. Clinton said this about Carter's post-presidential career:
[it is] "truly unprecedented in American history, but to call him the 'greatest former president' does not do justice to him or his work. Jimmy Carter's work as president broke new ground and is still shaping events today."
- View declassified correspondence between President Clinton and President Carter concerning diplomatic efforts in Haiti
- View draft remarks at the Presidential Medal of Freedom to President Carter and Rosalynn Carter
President Gerald Ford
President Clinton presented President Gerald Ford with the Presidential Medal of Freedom in a White House ceremony on August 11, 1999. President Clinton commented on Gerald Ford’s significant contribution to American democracy through his public service following the Watergate scandal. President Clinton said:
"Steady, trustworthy, Gerald Ford ended a long national nightmare... When he left the White House after 895 days, America was stronger, calmer and more self-confident. America was, in other words, more like President Ford himself."
President Clinton and President Ford had first come together in Vail, Colorado and found that they had a couple of similarities: their love of the game of golf, and their support of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). President Ford had long championed free trade between the U.S. and Canada and had supported the Reagan Administration negotiated, U.S. - Canada Free Trade Agreement in 1988. NAFTA superseded the U.S.-Canada Free Trade Agreement and eliminated the trade restrictions that had existed between the United States, Canada, and Mexico.
- View White House video footage of the 1999 Presidential of Freedom presentation
- View presidential remarks delivered at the Congressional Gold Medal ceremony for President Ford and Betty Ford
Gerald Ford was not the only former president that supported NAFTA. The George H. W. Bush administration originally negotiated NAFTA, and the agreement garnered bipartisan support from the "presidents club." In a 1993 White House ceremony outlining the importance of NAFTA held weeks before Congress voted on the agreement, former President Carter said “not a single lobbyist against NAFTA has been able to dig up one former president that was against this agreement.” Carter was also a proponent of the agreement and said that voting on NAFTA was essential to protecting future markets in two of the major international economies. After Congress passed NAFTA, the White House held a NAFTA kick-off event on September 14, 1993, which was attended by former Presidents Ford, Carter, and Bush. The former Presidents celebrated the achievement with President Clinton and looked on as he signed the historic trade agreement.
- View a digitized memo concerning an invitation to the former presidents for a NAFTA "Roll-Out"
- View White House video footage of the NAFTA Kick-Off Event
- View letters of support for Congressional passage of fast track negotiating authority from former Presidents Bush, Carter, and Ford
President Richard Nixon
In 1992, President Nixon reached out to Democratic presidential nominee Clinton on the campaign trail. President Nixon emphatically believed that in order for the newly-formed Russian government to succeed, they needed an increase in foreign aid. President Nixon had become the first American President to visit Moscow for a summit with the Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev in 1972. After his presidency, Nixon returned to the Soviet Union in 1986 and 1991, as well as after the fall of communism in 1992 and 1993. President Nixon was the foremost advocate for U.S. leadership in the wake of Russia’s transition to a free market economy. After President Nixon returned from Russia in 1993, he received a telephone call from President Clinton. Clinton called to discuss Nixon’s opinion of Boris Yeltsin, but during the call, the new president also asked questions about the role of the president and work-flow to one of the “presidents club’s” most senior members. President Clinton followed his telephone call with an invitation for the two presidents to meet in the White House to further discuss a strategy to make more financial aid available for Russia. President Nixon continued to serve as an invaluable de facto foreign policy advisor concerning the former Soviet Union for President Clinton until his death in 1994.
- View White House video footage from President Nixon's 1994 funeral
- View declassified documents concerning President Nixon's March 1994 visit to Russia
- View collection finding aid for Clinton administration records concerning President Richard Nixon
Meetings and Telephone Calls
The following table contains a searchable list of the meetings and telephone calls between President Clinton and the former presidents.
Nancy Gibbs and Michael Duffy, The Presidents Club: Inside the Most Exclusive Fraternity, New York: Simon & Schuster, 2012.