This collection consists of records related to the Republic of South Africa and the transition to a non-racial democracy. Additionally, the collection also contains records related to nuclear non-proliferation and South African nuclear programs. These date primarily between 1993 and 1996. The collection includes records related to U.S. support for African transition to a non-racial democracy, for extension of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, and for development of a U.S. policy toward South Africa. The collection also includes a large number of records related to the inauguration of Nelson Mandela as President of the Republic of South Africa. Nelson Mandela, F. W. de Klerk, Thabo Mbeki, and Pik Botha feature prominently in the records of this collection. These materials consists of correspondence, press briefings, talking points, speech drafts, memoranda, news clips, schedules and reports.