In January 1993, President Clinton announced the creation of the Task Force on National Health Care Reform and designated the First Lady, Hillary Rodham Clinton as its chair. The Task Force aimed to create a plan for comprehensive reform of the American health care system, aided by the recommendations of the White House Indepartmental Working Group. In the fall of 1993, the Clinton Administration presented its proposal, which centered around the creation of a National Health Board and regional Health Alliances, to Congress. The First Lady testified in defense of the Administration’s plan before congressional committees, and numerous organizations outside of the White House joined in supporting the proposal. However, the Administration’s health reform initiative was not without controversy. In February 1993, the American Association of Physicians and Surgeons filed a lawsuit against Hillary Clinton and others, charging that both the Task Force and Indepartmental Working Group were in violation of the Federal Advisory Committee Act. In addition, organized opposition to the American Health Security Act, as the Clinton plan was called, prevented its passage in 1994. Eventually, President Clinton did sign incremental reforms into law through the Health Insurance Portability and Accountaility Act of 1996, sponsored by Democratic Senator Ted Kennedy of Massachusetts and Republican Senator Nancy Kassebaum of Kansas.